River Cruise: The Forgotten Royal city of Wiang Kum Kam

Price : 850 Time : Daily 9.00 am., 11.30 am. , 14.00 pm., 16.00 pm.

RIVER CRUISE : THE FORGOTTEN ROYAL CITY OF WIANG KUM KAM;

You will be picked up at your hotel and taken to Hanwoori Restaurant boat landing, just a few minutes from downtown Chiang Mai

Highlights:
• Visit “Wiang Kum Kam the Ancient Underground City” The first capital of Lanna
• Pleasant with boat journey at Mae Ping River
• Horse and carriage to view six historical temple remains.

Itinerary:
• A pleasant 20-minutes journey down river aboard a spacious new and comfortable teak-fitted cruise boat to local hut.
• By the tour (subject to government restriction) horse and carriage to Wiang Kum Kam Museum.
• Horse and carriage through Thawangtan Village to view six historical temple remains.
• Return to local hut for complementary and herb juices.
• Relaxed return boat journey back to town and return to your hotel

Boat departs four times a day at 9.00 a.m., 11.30 a.m.. 14.00 p.m. and 16.00 p.m.

Inclusions:
• Pick up and drop off at hotel in the city center
• All listed activities

Wiang Kum Kam Ancient City Six temples Tour;
1. KU PAR DOM TEMPLE

Probably built while King Mengrai in residence – B.E.1829-1838. Discovered two metres below present – day ground level. Square board shape would have supported a lotus base to bear a pagoda in bell shape. The altar with images was located at the back of the main pagoda. Decorated glass parapets would have been used throughout. Note Lanna ‘spiral’ pattern. Name endowed by villagers in recent times – the temple is in the land of Aunty Dom (Kuu is local dialect for Pagoda)

2. PU PIA TEMPLE
Probably began during early settlement of Wiang Kum Kam and later rebuilt in the time of King Tilokarat B.E. 1988-2068 (1445-1525 A.D.) Note Lanna-style pagoda with modop shape, popular at this time. Named “Pu Pia” by villagers. The house of an “old short man” (local dialect Pu Pia) had been built in the desertd temple grounds.

3. WAT NAN CHANG (PING HANG)
Excavation work in October 2003 resulted in an extraordinary find of priceless Chinese Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 A.D.) fine porcelain, contained in jar buried 30 centimetres deep below the temple remains. It is known that the Lanna Kingdom was in turmoil towards the end, with the invasion of the Burmese culminating in the taking of Chiang Mai in B.E. 2101 by King Mongthera. See exhibition in Museum and information Centre.
Note: At the site, demonstration of four earth layers.

4. E-KANG
Considered to have been an important temple in King Mengrai’s time due to size and central location. One foundation to support both pagoda and Wiharn without walls. Cement altar base for min Buddha image located at the back, close to the base of the pagoda. Standard later bell shape pagoda of B.E. 21 Century. ‘Ee Khang” local dialet for ‘Monkey”.

5. PRA THAT KHAO (TARD KHAO) TEMPLE
Pagoda remains consists of the bottom part of the base circled by a layer of lotus petals. During excavation work about ten years ago the main Buddha Image was found in good condition, except for the head which had been damages. Local villages rallied to repair the figure and place it on show for veneration.

6. KUU KHAM TEMPLE (JEDEE LIAM)
Kuu = Pagoda,
Kham = Gold.

Endowed to his citizens by King Mangrai in B.E 1831 (1288 A.D.) This imposing pyramid shape (mondop) pagoda is built of local brick in five layers with three standing Buddha images on each side, a total of 60 images. It is modeled on Jedee Ku Kut at Lamphun, “Lopburi” style – dating back to well over 1,000 years Note, the images face ‘the four directions’ and it is said that the number 60 would enhance the prestige of the King’s 60 wives. In about 1908 A.D. The pagoda was renovated by a Burmese nobleman who had been given a concession in the Bombay, Burma, Borneo Company in the reign of King chulalongkorn (Rama V). The renovation added four new images at the base, one on each side.

“Wiang Kum Kam the Ancient Underground City” The first capital of Lanna
The Strategic city of Wiang Kum Kam was founded in 1286-7 A.D. by King Mangrai, widely famed as a brave and just monarch. He came from along line of rulers who emerged from Laos and then settled in “Yonok” –nowadays the topmost part of northern Thailand. Aged 21, Mangrai forcibly curbed the warring activities of local chieftains and soon established the northern city of Chiang Rai. He progressed south to Fang and his army finally took Haripunchai (present-day Lamphun) in 1281 A.D.

Wiang Kum Kam was established as the pivotal riverside trading hub of Mangrai’s kingdom, after severe flooding overtook a previous site. A moat was dug around all four sides of the city. An extensive royal palace was built. The priority was given to construction of a market – place. Many boats converged on the city for purposes of trade. Pleased, King Mangrai ordered the building of imposing Kuu Kham temple (Wat Jedee Liam ) for public veneration. Friendly, power-seeking expeditions by the king led to peace offerings from neighboring states: firstly, a beautiful royal bride and the came hundreds of expert craftsmen – goldsmiths, bronze smiths, ironsmiths, etc,. In thanks for the good fortune, significant temples were built.

Heeding auspicious signs, King Mangrai established Chiang Mai in 1296 A.D. but he continued to visit his palace at Wiang Khum Kham. The city remained and important satellite to the new Lanna capital and many temples were created by succeeding rulers, notably King Tilokarat (1445 – 1525 A.D.)

After much unrest, the Burmese invasion around 1600 A.D. put an end to the Lanna Kingdom. At Wing Khum Kham the river changed its course and much of the city was destroyed by severe flooding, leaving the ruins buried deep under silt. Many years later, the area was repopulated with people from the north – hence the peculiar nicknames given to some of the temple remains. The site was later excavated and it became popularly known as the “Ancient Underground City”

Photo Gallery

We then travel by old-fashioned horse and carriage to Wiang Kum Kam Museum and Information Centre. There is a video introduction, with English subtitles. Then we browse around Museum. WAT NAN CHANG (PING HANG) Wat E-Kang Built around 2060 BE during the reign og King Muang Kaew, Wat E-Kang consisted of a Temple and a Pagoda.
Wat E-Kang Built around 2060 BE during the reign og King Muang Kaew, Wat E-Kang consisted of a Temple and a Pagoda. Wat Nanchang A pleasant 20-minute journey down river aboard a spacious new and comfortable teak-fitted cruise boat. Look for ancient pyramid-shaped pagodas appearing on the left before our FISHERMAN’S QUAY destina
Travel by Old fashioned horse and carriage to visit Wiang Kum Kam Journey down river boat to Wiang Kum Kam and see scenery along Ping River See ancient town at Wiang Kum Kam